On 16/8/2018, the National Office of Intellectual Property issued Decision No. 2835 / QĐ-SHTT on the issuance of Certificate of Geographical Indication No. 00069 for Shan Snow Tea product “Ha Giang”. Ha Giang Department of Agriculture and Rural Development is the organization managing this geographical indication.
Ha Giang is the northernmost province of Vietnam with the third largest area of tea cultivation in the country after Lam Dong and Thai Nguyen. Ha Giang is known for its famous tourist spots, unique cultural festivals and varieties of specialty tea Shan snow. Shan tea trees here in the forest, there are many hundreds of old tea trees, no need to care, fertilize and spray. The tea bags Shanh snow Ha Giang very fat, stretched live resin, the surface covered with light silver hair. Growing and developing along the Tay Con Linh mountain range, around the misty dusk, the habitat of the Dao and H’Mong people, the Shan snow tree is closely linked to its existence and development. of the local people. Population of 220 ancient Shan tea trees represents Cao Bo tea area, Ha Giang has been recognized as the Vietnamese heritage tree is very significant in protecting the gene pool of famous high tea varieties. . Local people in Ha Giang said that the tea is delicious because of the fog, tea mists into snow called snow tea, the processing of Shan snow tea convergence enough essence of soil, water and warmth of fire So when drinking not only see the aroma but also help people enjoy the sober, fresh, refreshing and healthier.
Residents of Hoang Su Phi district recount: the French have used up this tea and complimented very delicious. However, Shan Snow Ha Giang tea is only really known when many researchers, many domestic and foreign tourists go to this remote area to learn, research, discovery. This kind of precious tea, brought back and sold by consumers.
Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s invitation to Party General Secretary Xi Jinping to enjoy Shan snow tea Ha Giang has confirmed the quality and prestige of Shan snow Ha Giang tea.
Chè Shan tuyết Hà Giang có các đặc điểm về hình thái và chất lượng nổi bật, có thể dễ dàng nhận biết chè Shan tuyết Hà Giang đồng đều về màu sắc và kích thước, búp chè xoăn chặt, non, thô, bạc cánh (có tuyết), cánh chè to, tròn. Khi pha chè, nước chè sánh, màu xanh vàng bắt mắt, mùi thơm tự nhiên, vị chát dịu và có vị ngọt hậu dễ chịu, dặc trưng cho sản phẩm, hài hòa giữa vị và mùi thơm. Chất lượng của chè Shan tuyết Hà Giang được thể hiện ở các chỉ tiêu sinh hóa, cụ thể: hàm lượng tro tổng số từ 4,87% đến 6,49%, hàm lượng tanin từ 27,22% đến 38,88%, hàm lượng cafein từ 2,30% đến 4,19%, hàm lượng tro tổng số từ 58,31% đến 66,52%, hàm lượng chất chiết trong nước từ 38,32% đến 47,79%.
Shao snow tea Ha Giang convergence full of elements: fragrant, delicious, green and clean. It is characterized by cool weather, fog and haze throughout the year … and the traditional farming practices of the local people.
Geography of the geographic area is higher than 600m above sea level, complex terrain, slope of 8-30o. The complex terrain, in particular the high and medium mountainous terrain, is higher than 1,000m in the granite mountain massif upstream and the low mountain terrain, at elevations of 600-1,000m. It is mainly composed of magma, sedimentary and metamorphic sediments. Shan snow region is located in humid tropical climate, influenced by monsoon regime. The average temperature is from 15.7 to 22.6oC. Average temperatures tend to decrease with height, especially in mountainous areas. Average daily temperature fluctuation ranges from 6.8 to 8.6 oC. The average rainfall in the year ranges from May to October, ranging from 70-80% of the annual rainfall. The average humidity is 80-86%. Salt and hail occur only occasionally, with little effect on local production. Ha Giang Shan snow tea is grown on all kinds of soil: yellow red soil on claystone (Fs), red humus on claystone (Hs), yellow soil on granite (Fa), reddish yellow soil on granite (Ha). The mechanical composition of the soil is mild to heavy meat. The soil is very acidic, the pHKCL value from 3.95 to 4.36, the content of organic matter (OM) from medium to rich.
The cultivation, care, harvesting and processing of Shan snow tea has different characteristics combined with natural conditions and historical factors, contributing to the quality difference of Ha Giang Shan snow tea. Thanks to favorable natural conditions, people absolutely do not use pesticides, growth stimulants. Beside the traditional production process, local people in Ha Giang have the impression that “Shan tea does not need to be fertilized, plants drink night dew, early sun to develop, green leaves for four seasons”. To prevent pestilent insects, people use manual methods or mixed pesticides to kill harmful insects by using lemon peel, grapefruit, garlic, chilli … Especially in Ha Giang people always The best is to follow a long tradition, which is not picking tea on three days of the lunar calendar: “Thunder God” 1/3, “Wind God” 20/1 and “Forest Pig” 3/3.
Thanks to favorable natural conditions, thanks to the traditional experience of local people, Shan snow tea in Ha Giang has achieved the criterion of “Clean tea”, clean material from Shan snow tree is completely natural and clean. do not use any other chemicals or additives; and “Delicious”, always have a natural mild fragrance by the secret of the fragrance, blue water color, sweet long lasting taste.
The geographical area of Ha Giang Shan snow tea growing and processing includes: Tan Thanh, Tan Lap, Tien Kieu, Duc Xuan communes of Bac Quang district; Tien Nguyen, Xuan Minh, Tan Trinh, Tan Bac, Tan Nam, Yen Binh, Ban Ria, Yen Thanh of Quang Binh district; Na Be, Quang Nguyen, Khuon Lung, Coc re, Che La, Thu Ta, Ban Ngo, Nung Dan, Ta Nhiu, Quan Xien, Tin Chien of Xin Man district; . Cao Bo, Thuong Son, Quang Ngan, Phuong Tien, Thanh Thuy, Thanh Duc, Xin Chai, Lao Chai in Vi Xuyen district; Phuong, Phuong Thien in Ha Giang city, Ha Giang province.